NordVPN and ProtonVPN are both large, well-respected names in the VPN and privacy communities. NordVPN remains one of the most popular VPNs in the world, boasting a large server network, premium speeds, and lots of privacy features. ProtonVPN comes from Switzerland with a heavy focus on privacy and security. So which one comes out on top in this ProtonVPN vs NordVPN comparison?
While we like and recommend both of these services, there was a clear winner in nearly every category.
In order to thoroughly cover all areas for this NordVPN vs ProtonVPN comparison, we’ll examine these categories:
- Company background and jurisdiction
- Speed tests
- Streaming and torrenting
- Security and Encryption
- Prices and Refunds
We’ll take a deep dive into each of these categories, while also posting the test results below. And by naming a winner in each category, we hope to give you a fast way to identify the VPN that’s worth your attention. Shall we begin?
1. Background and jurisdiction: ProtonVPN vs NordVPN
It is always useful to know something about the background of any company you do business with. This is particularly important when you are dealing with private or otherwise sensitive information.
While a VPN can prevent others from spying on your online activities, you need to be able to trust the VPN not to spy on you. And some have done exactly that, in the form of sharing your information with third parties. For example, in 2017, PureVPN shared information about a user with the FBI, despite claiming to be a no-logs VPN.
Given that, let’s see what we can learn about the companies behind these two VPNs.
NordVPN background and jurisdiction
NordVPN is one of the best-known companies in the VPN industry. It is now part of NordSec, a brand that includes NordVPN and two new products: the secure password manager NordPass, and the encryption / cloud storage tool, NordLocker.
NordVPN is based in Panama, a strong privacy jurisdiction that is not part of any surveillance alliances. It also does not have any mandatory data retention or logging laws. These characteristics make Panama an excellent jurisdiction for privacy-focused services like NordVPN.
Our NordVPN review has more information on the company background.
ProtonVPN background and jurisdiction
ProtonVPN comes to us from the team behind ProtonMail. The parent company of ProtonVPN (and ProtonMail) is Proton Technologies, a well-respected company is based in Switzerland. Similar to Panama with NordVPN, Switzerland is also a good privacy jurisdiction and is not party to any international surveillance alliances.
Even before ProtonVPN was officially launched in 2017, ProtonMail had built up a strong following in the privacy community. It is one of the leading secure email services. Today, you can combine both ProtonMail and ProtonVPN under one subscription – but it’s quite expensive, as we’ll cover below.
Here’s a link to our full ProtonVPN review.
Company background and jurisdiction winner: Both NordVPN and ProtonVPN are backed by reputable companies based in privacy-friendly jurisdictions. We’ll call this one a tie.
2. NordVPN vs ProtonVPN speed tests
Given all the work a VPN must do to protect your data, it is only logical that they would slow your connection down somewhat. But how much any particular VPN slows you down can vary enormously.
We ran all of these NordVPN vs ProtonVPN speed tests with a 500 Mbps connection in our US lab.
For the first round of testing, we tried VPN servers located in the USA.
Here was a ProtonVPN server in Seattle, which gave me about 92 Mbps.
While this isn’t horrible, it’s also not a great speed test result. Now let’s see if NordVPN is faster than ProtonVPN with this location.
Here was the NordVPN server in Seattle at 445 Mbps.
This is the fastest VPN speed test result we’ve gotten here on Restore Privacy. For the Seattle server location, NordVPN was 4.8 times faster than ProtonVPN – a massive difference.
Next, we tested servers on the other side of the United States, in New York.
Here was the ProtonVPN server in New York at about 101 Mbps.
While this is a little bit faster than the ProtonVPN server in Seattle, we still aren’t above 200 Mbps.
Here was the NordVPN server in New York, giving us great speeds of 280 Mbps.
Once again, NordVPN was significantly faster than ProtonVPN for this server location in the United States. So now let’s see if overseas servers were any different.
Here was the ProtonVPN server in the UK at only 20 Mbps.
This is the slowest ProtonVPN server we tested. Can NordVPN do better?
Here was the NordVPN server in the UK at about 295 Mbps.
For the UK region, NordVPN was more than 14 times faster than ProtonVPN, nearly hitting 300 Mbps. This is really impressive, especially when you consider the high latency and long distance between my location and the VPN server. NordVPN clearly delivers on speeds, beating out ProtonVPN by a large margin.
Double-VPN speed tests with NordVPN and ProtonVPN
NordVPN and ProtonVPN both offer double-VPN servers. You can select the double-VPN servers directly in the NordVPN app. With ProtonVPN, they refer to their double-VPN servers as “Secure Core” – and they are only accessible if you have one of the more-expensive VPN subscriptions.
But back to the speed tests.
Here we tested a double-VPN server with ProtonVPN using the Switzerland > Canada configuration: 27 Mbps.
Once again, not a great speed test result from ProtonVPN, even considering the double encryption and higher latency.
Here was a double-VPN server from NordVPN with the US > Canada configuration: 214 Mbps.
NordVPN again outperforms ProtonVPN by a large margin. The Double-VPN servers from NordVPN are significantly faster than the Secure Core (double VPN) servers from ProtonVPN. We also found it to beat out other services offering double-VPN servers, as seen in our Surfshark vs NordVPN comparison.
Speed advantage – One big advantage that NordVPN has over ProtonVPN is that it utilizes the WireGuard VPN protocol. In our WireGuard vs OpenVPN speed tests, WireGuard outperformed OpenVPN with every server location. ProtonVPN only supports the OpenVPN and IKEv2 protocols (no WireGuard).
Speed test winner: NordVPN
3. NordVPN vs ProtonVPN Features
Now we will examine how ProtonVPN and NordVPN compare with each other in the features category.
ProtonVPN’s network currently consists of 1,057 servers in 54 countries. This isn’t a particularly large network, but it may be sufficient for your needs. Unfortunately, ProtonVPN restricts servers to only premium subscriptions. In other words, you will need to pay for a “Plus” or “Visionary” subscription in order to have access to all servers. (Free and Basic users are locked out.) This is different from NordVPN, which gives all users 100% access to all servers.
The company claims that their network provides high-speed connections for premium users. But in our tests with a “Plus” account, we simply could not find a fast server, unlike our speed tests with NordVPN.
The ProtonVPN apps have useful privacy and security features such as a kill switch, auto-reconnection to the network, DNS leak protection, and split tunneling (on some of their apps). Speaking of apps, all ProtonVPN apps are open source. They provide apps for Windows, Mac, Linux, iOS, Android, and various routers, including the Vilfo VPN router.
Here you can see some of the privacy features we tested with the ProtonVPN Windows VPN app:
The “Secure Core” servers could also be considered a feature. These are just double-VPN servers, similar to what NordVPN offers. However, one noteworthy difference from NordVPN is that ProtonVPN’s Secure Core servers are located in high-security data centers. For example, the Switzerland Secure Core servers are located in a former Swiss Army fallout shelter.
Additional features include their no-logs policy, the ability to sign up for the service anonymously, and the ability to connect up to 10 devices simultaneously.
NordVPN has all the basic features that we covered with ProtonVPN, including built-in leak protection and kill switches on all their VPN apps. One big difference from ProtonVPN, however, is that NordVPN offers many advanced privacy features. They have apps for everything ProtonVPN does, and more. They even go a few steps beyond, supporting options such as Android TV, gaming consoles, and Raspberry Pi.
One big difference between ProtonVPN and NordVPN is WireGuard support. NordVPN has now successfully integrated the WireGuard protocol into their network, in the form of the NordLynx VPN protocol. It is easy to activate and use NordLynx in the NordVPN clients, simply follow these steps:
NordVPN has servers in 59 countries worldwide, and their network contains over 5,400 servers. This server number amounts to five times the size of ProtonVPN’s network, with five more countries covered. And unlike with ProtonVPN, the entire server network is available to all NordVPN users (no restrictions).
Another difference between NordVPN and ProtonVPN is that NordVPN offers numerous specialty servers for various use cases:
- P2P servers that are optimized for torrenting. (We found these servers to be faster than the others and ideal for torrenting large files.)
- Obfuscated servers that conceal VPN traffic as regular HTTPS encryption, thereby getting around blocks. These servers are useful if you need a VPN for China or the UAE, where VPNs are often blocked. (ProtonVPN admits it is blocked in China and does not offer obfuscated servers like NordVPN.)
- Double-VPN servers that encrypt traffic over two different locations. NordVPN’s Double-VPN servers are similar to ProtonVPN’s Secure Core servers.
- Tor-over-VPN servers that add an additional layer of encryption via the Tor network. ProtonVPN also offers
Below is the NordVPN Windows client we tested out for this Nord vs Proton comparison. On the left side of the app, you can see all the specialty servers, with an active connection to a double-VPN (Switzerland > Netherlands) server configuration.
One last feature to consider is CyberSec, which blocks ads, trackers, malware, and phishing domains. This is a useful feature if you want a lightweight and efficient VPN ad blocker for all your devices. Unlike browser-based ad-blockers, such as uBlock Origin, NordVPN’s CyberSec feature will block ads and trackers on your entire operating system through the VPN.
While NordVPN offers some useful features, NordVPN’s WireGuard support and huge server network give it the edge.
Features winner: NordVPN
4. ProtonVPN vs NordVPN streaming and torrenting
Both of these services support streaming media as well as P2P (torrenting) – but one offers a lot more streaming options than the other. Can you guess who?
Streaming with ProtonVPN and NordVPN
Millions of people use their VPN to stream media – and this is a trend that is only growing. But major streaming services like Netflix use geo-blocking technology to fence out anyone trying to connect from the ‘wrong’ physical location. There are only a few VPNs that can successfully defeat this kind of blocking.
NordVPN – Unfortunately for ProtonVPN, in this category they are competing with one of the very best VPNs for streaming available today. NordVPN has the fastest network we’ve tested with a huge selection of streaming-compatible servers around the world. They officially unblock a crazy-large number of services, including numerous Netflix regions, Hulu, Disney Plus, BBC iPlayer, and more. They even offer a dedicated Amazon app if you want to use a VPN for Firestick.
If you ever have trouble connecting to Netflix, all you need to do is type the following into NordVPN’s 24/7 chat box, “How to securely watch Netflix with NordVPN?” Within seconds, the chatbox will tell you all the servers that are able to connect at that moment. We have consistently tested NordVPN and rate it among the best VPNs for Netflix with access to 10+ regional libraries.
ProtonVPN – This is a decent VPN for streaming, but ProtonVPN has a few limitations in comparison to NordVPN. Here are the streaming drawbacks we found with ProtonVPN:
- Fewer streaming services supported – ProtonVPN only works with a limited number of services in comparison to NordVPN. For example, ProtonVPN only supports about four different Netflix libraries, while NordVPN officially supports more than ten.
- Restricted servers – Once again, ProtonVPN restricts streaming servers to the most expensive accounts (Plus and Visionary). Free and Basic users will not be able to access American Netflix with ProtonVPN, unless they upgrade their accounts.
NordVPN wins the streaming challenge.
Torrenting with NordVPN and ProtonVPN
What about torrenting? Can ProtonVPN compete?
NordVPN – NordVPN has a lot of advantages that make it the best VPN for torrenting:
- Premium speeds (fastest VPN we have tested)
- Dedicated P2P torrenting servers
- Large server network
- Secure VPN apps with no data leaks found in our tests
Considering all of these factors, it’s easy to rate NordVPN as the best VPN for torrenting.
ProtonVPN – ProtonVPN is a good VPN for torrenting. However, we found these drawbacks:
- Slower speeds, as we noted above.
- Free plan blocks torrenting traffic (you’ll need to upgrade your account)
- ProtonVPN also blocks some servers from torrent traffic and will automatically disable your connection if they detect torrent transfers.
Considering everything, ProtonVPN does not seem to be an ideal choice for torrenting.
Note: Neither NordVPN nor ProtonVPN support port forwarding, a feature that is useful when torrenting with a VPN. There are a few VPNs, such as Private Internet Access (PIA) that offer port forwarding. But in our PIA vs NordVPN comparison, we still found Private Internet Access to come up short.
NordVPN wins the torrenting challenge too.
Streaming and Torrenting winner: NordVPN (winner for both sub-categories)
5. Encryption and Security: Proton vs Nord
Encryption and security are important factors to consider when selecting a VPN.
VPN Encryption & Protocols
ProtonVPN vs NordVPN have comparable levels of encryption and protocols:
- ProtonVPN: The ProtonVPN Windows client and Linux script use the OpenVPN protocol. Their other apps use the IKEv2 protocol. For their encryption, they use AES-256-CBC and HMAC SHA-512 authentication.
- NordVPN: NordVPN clients use the OpenVPN and NordLynx protocols, while also supporting IKEv2 on some operating systems. For their encryption, they use AES-256-GCM with a 4096-bit DH key or ChaCha20 ciphers.
It’s clear that both NordVPN and ProtonVPN are using secure encryption together with reliable VPN protocols. With that being said, NordVPN wins this sub-category because with the full implementation of the WireGuard protocol, which utilizes the latest encryption standards.
Note: Another big advantage that WireGuard has over OpenVPN is the code base size. OpenVPN is bulky at around 400,000 lines of code with the OpenSSL. This stands in stark contrast to WireGuard, which only has about 4,000 lines of code. This makes WireGuard efficient, lean, and easier to audit in comparison to OpenVPN.
NordVPN has undergone the following third-party audits:
- A no-logs audit by PricewaterhouseCoopers AG Switzerland. (NordVPN is one of a handful of verified no logs VPN services.)
- A second PricewaterhouseCoopers no-logs audit covering regular, obfuscated, Double VPN and P2P servers. (This was completed in 2020.)
- An app and infrastructure audit, along with ongoing penetration testing conducted by VerSprite.
ProtonVPN has undergone a security audit conducted by SEC Consult. Unlike with NordVPN, ProtonVPN has not had any outside audits to verify its no-logs claims.
NordVPN wins. We see no reason to believe that there is anything wrong with ProtonVPN’s security. And ProtonVPN would win this category against most VPNs. But NordVPN simply has more audits to back them up.
VPN server security
These two companies take different tacks to providing security for their servers.
NordVPN has converted all their servers to diskless (RAM) operation. With all servers running in RAM-disk mode, it is impossible to store any data on a server. This protects NordVPN users even if a server is seized by a third-party – no data will be available. We see this trend with both ExpressVPN and NordVPN, as well as a few other services moving to RAM-disk servers.
Another advantage with the NordVPN server network is that they are rolling out their own dedicated hardware. By deploying colocated servers, rather than renting servers from third parties, NordVPN will have total control over its network hardware:
Colocated servers are fully owned, maintained, and managed by NordVPN. The complete ownership of our servers guarantees that we stay in control of their configuration and security.
Our partners provide the facilities for storing the servers, along with a continuous power supply, stable internet connectivity, and strict security.
While NordVPN plans to convert their entire network to colocated servers, I have not seen ProtonVPN announce similar plans.
ProtonVPN touts their Secure Core initiative, which physically protects their core servers against access by hypothetical third parties. But recall that Secure Core servers are still restricted to the most expensive subscription plans.
While NordVPN will have an edge when they complete their transition to 100% colocated servers, they are still in the early phase of rolling this out. Therefore we’ll call the Server Security sub-category a tie (for now).
Encryption & security winner: NordVPN is the overall winner with this category.
6. Privacy: ProtonVPN vs NordVPN
What about protecting your privacy? Both services have solid no-logs policies, and have never been accused of any privacy violations that we know of. Their parent companies are well respected, and they are both based in privacy-friendly jurisdictions. Your privacy should be safe with either one.
Privacy winner: Another tie.
7. Prices and refunds
Okay, now that you have a sense of what each VPN is like, let’s see how much they cost and how hard it would be to get a refund if you change your mind.
ProtonVPN pricing – This gets a little confusing. ProtonVPN has four different price plans. And unlike most companies, they don’t offer multi-year discounts. It will be easier to talk about this if we have a picture to look at:
The Free plan could be useful if you have very simple needs, but is really best for testing out the service.
The Basic plan, at 4€/mo, supports 2 simultaneous connections and could work if you won’t be streaming blocked content, or access to the “fast” servers ProtonVPN offers.
The Plus plan, which they bill as their best deal, gives you five simultaneous connections, and full access to all the VPN’s features. This plan will set you back 8€/mo.
The top tier here is the Visionary plan, which gives you everything in the Plus plan, while supporting 10 simultaneous connections and giving you a ProtonMail Visionary account. This plan has an extremely high price of 288€ per year! It’s clear that ProtonVPN is not the cheapest VPN we’ve seen.
ProtonVPN offers a 30 day refund window, which is pretty standard in the VPN industry.
NordVPN pricing – In contrast to ProtonVPN, NordVPN gives you full access to everything with every pricing plan. You simply score bigger discounts for longer subscriptions.
A one-month NordVPN subscription costs $11.95/mo. A one-year subscription goes for $59 ($4.92/mo) for the first year, and a 2-year subscription costs only $89 which comes out to $3.71 per month … if you use the NordVPN discount coupon here >>
Just like with ProtonVPN, all NordVPN plans come with a 30 day money-back guarantee.
Price and Refund Winner: Assuming you want access to all features and all servers, then NordVPN offers much better prices and is the winner of this category.
8. Value – Is NordVPN or ProtonVPN better?
Value can be a subjective calculation in that it really depends on what you plan to do with your VPN. If the most important thing for you is price, and you don’t mind the slow speeds, limited features, and restricted server network, then ProtonVPN may be the best fit.
While we don’t know exactly what you plan to do with your VPN, based on your own needs, we can compare ProtonVPN vs NordVPN on three key characteristics that every user expects from their VPN: security, privacy, and speed.
So how does ProtonVPN compare to NordVPN?
- NordVPN is much faster than ProtonVPN.
- Both are secure, but NordVPN offers the latest in VPN encryption technology with the WireGuard protocol.
- Both protect your privacy, but NordVPN offers more privacy features, diskless servers, and has two audits to verify its no-logs claims.
Value winner: Based on these criteria, NordVPN wins the value category as well. But ProtonVPN is not far behind, and depending on exactly what you want to do, it could be a better value for you.
Conclusion: NordVPN wins
We here at Restore Privacy have always liked ProtonVPN, with its strong values and privacy-focused VPN service. It’s even featured on our best VPN list, along with the other top recommendations. However, in direct comparison to NordVPN, it’s clear to us that ProtonVPN has a lot of catching up to do.
Tallying up the results of our eight NordVPN vs ProtonVPN test categories, we can see that NordVPN won six, with two categories being a tie.
- Company background and jurisdiction: Tie
- Speed tests: NordVPN
- Features: NordVPN
- Streaming and Torrenting: NordVPN
- Security and Encryption: NordVPN
- Privacy: Tie
- Price and Refund: NordVPN
- Value: NordVPN
For most users, we would recommend NordVPN over ProtonVPN. It simply offers the best value for your money. And that’s a big reason why it is one of the most popular VPNs on the market.
Whichever VPN you choose, be sure to grab the best prices with the discounts linked below:
Note: NordVPN has recently increased the prices to $5.75 per month, but you can still lock in the 68% discount with the link above.
Have you used either ProtonVPN or NordVPN? If so, share your experience below in the comments to help others. And if this review has motivated you to invest in one of our contenders, please let us know which one you chose and why.