At this very moment you are being tracked, monitored, and recorded by various government and private entities around the world. Private companies, such as Google and Facebook, are gathering as much of your data as possible to hit you with targeted ads and influence your purchasing decisions (behavioral modification). Government entities, such as the NSA and GCHQ surveillance agencies, are bulk-collecting your private data for various purposes.
You live in a world of total surveillance that is carried out with the close cooperation between private companies and state agencies – see the PRISM program for details.
Fortunately, there are effective solutions to these problems that you can begin implementing right now.
Using a secure browser that protects your privacy is absolutely crucial to stay safe and secure online. Your browser may contain vast amounts of private information, such as all the websites you visit (browsing history), login credentials, personal information (autofill details), as well as system data and location information. This information can be exploited by hackers or simply collected by the browser itself – such as with Google Chrome, Opera, or Microsoft Edge.
Firefox is a great browser that can be configured for more privacy and security – see the Firefox privacy guide. Other good browsers include Brave and Waterfox, which is a fork of Firefox that is more privacy-friendly. More browsers are also discussed in the secure browser information guide.
Browser fingerprinting – It’s worth noting that your browser and operating system’s unique preferences and settings can also be used to track and identify you, which is called browser fingerprinting. To mitigate this risk, see the browser fingerprinting guide.
WebRTC leak – The WebRTC leak is a vulnerability that can expose your real IP address through WebRTC stun requests, even when you are using a good VPN service. Check out the WebRTC leak guide to remedy this issue.
Useful browser add-ons – Depending on your unique circumstances, you may find some of these browser add-ons to be useful:
- uBlock Origin – A powerful blocker for advertisements and tracking.
- HTTPS Everywhere – This forces an HTTPS connection with the sites you visit.
- Cookie AutoDelete – Deletes those unwanted tracking cookies.
- Privacy Badger – Another add-on from the Electronic Frontier Foundation, Privacy Badger blocks spying ads and trackers.
- uMatrix – While this may be overkill for many users, uMatrix is a powerful add-on that gives you control over requests that may be tracking you on various websites. (Advanced users – requires lots of customization.)
- NoScript – This is a script blocker that allows you to control which scripts run on the sites you visit. (Advanced users – requires lots of customization.)
Pairing a good VPN service with a secure and private browser will go a long way to restoring your privacy.
VPN (VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK)
Whenever you go online without a VPN, you broadcast to the world your unique IP address, internet provider, and geographic location. Every device that connects to the internet has a unique IP address, which enables third parties to identify you online.
But when you use a VPN (virtual private network), your real IP address and location will be replaced by the VPN server’s IP address while also making you appear to be in a different location. Additionally, a VPN will create a secure, encrypted tunnel between your device and the VPN server, thereby anonymizing your online activity, securing your data from third parties, and allowing you to easily get around online restrictions/censorship:
If you are new to VPNs, ExpressVPN would be a great choice because it is simple, user-friendly, and they offer great 24/7 live chat support. Check out their coupon for three months free (applied on checkout page). Here are the current top performers from the best VPN service report:
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Many ads function as advanced tracking, quietly recording your browsing history and online habits. The more data ad companies can collect about you, the more money they can make with targeted advertising. Blocking ads will improve your privacy and also page load speeds.
Ads can also be malicious (malvertising) and therefore a security risk. Because ads are fed in through third-party domains that can be hijacked, they are an easy attack vector and can infect your device as you load a website – no clicks required.
Here are a few different ways to block ads:
- Browser add-ons – These work as extensions through your internet browser. One popular option is uBlock Origin. The drawback however, is that these only work with supported browsers.
- VPN ad blockers – You can also block ads through a VPN service. There are a handful of VPNs that offer ad blocking – check out the VPN ad blocker guide for more information.
- Hardware – Some routers have the option to block ads. Other hardware options include the eBlocker device, or running a Raspberry Pi with Pi-Hole.
Google, Yahoo, and Microsoft collect your data and give third parties access to your emails and attachments – an intimate view into your private life. Aside from using your data for profit, these giant tech companies also work closely with surveillance agencies. There are better alternatives.
Many secure email providers offer free plans up to a certain storage limit, which allows you to setup a new email account in just minutes.
Note: Some of these services, such as Mailfence and Kolab Now, also include built-in calendar, contacts, and file storage.
If you are looking for a higher level of privacy – more than email – you may want to consider encrypted messaging services.
There are some great encrypted messaging services you that are free, open source, and offer great apps for many different devices and operating systems.
Note: Wire also supports end-to-end encrypted voice and video chats, as well as file sharing.
PRIVATE SEARCH ENGINE
The major search engines, such as Google, Bing, and Yahoo, are collecting your search requests, IP address, user agent, and also tracking you through cookies. Your searches allow these companies to build up intimate user profiles, which can be handed over to various third parties.
Here are a few privacy-friendly search engines worth consideration:
- Searx – A very privacy-friendly and versatile metasearch engine.
- Qwant – A private search engine based in France.
- Metager – A private search engine based in Germany.
- DuckDuckGo – DDG has a long history of being a great Google search alternative, but they do record search terms and are partners with Yahoo.
- StartPage – StartPage gives you Google search results, but without the tracking.
ENCRYPTED CLOUD STORAGE
Large cloud storage companies, such as DropBox and Google, usually have horrible privacy policies and practices. Here are a few alternatives:
- TeamDrive – This is a business-oriented cloud backup and file synchronization option based in Germany.
- Tresorit – This is a user-friendly cloud storage option based in Switzerland. They offer client-side encryption, but also utilize Microsoft Windows servers, which is one drawback.
- Nextcloud – Nextcloud is an open source, self-hosted file share and communication platform. They are based in Germany.
- Sync.com – Based in Canada, Sync.com offers a secure, encrypted cloud storage solution for businesses and individuals.
Of course, you can also encrypt you files and store them locally. One good option for this is VeraCrypt, which is available for free and supports Windows, Mac OS, and Linux.
Using a secure password manager is also an important step for protecting your data. Here are a few good options:
- KeePass – KeePass is a free, open source password manager that keeps all passwords secured in a database that is locked with a master key or key file. Support for: Windows, Mac OS, Linux, iOS, Android, and BSD.
- LessPass – LessPass is a free and open source password manager that will also generate unique passwords. Support for Windows, Mac OS, Linux, and Android.
RESTORE YOUR PRIVACY
This site is continuously being updated and improved to reflect real user feedback and the latest developments in the online privacy and security environment.
If you have any additional suggestions or want to send us an anonymous tip, you can use our secure communication center.